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弋舟新作《丙申故事集》:我是个过着二手生活的作家

2019-09-17 04:44 来源:网易

  弋舟新作《丙申故事集》:我是个过着二手生活的作家

  AmanstandsatEmersonsnewMeasurementTechnologyCenterinBeijing,whichopenedlastNovembertoserveitsautomationsolutionsbusinessinChinaandacrossAsia.[Photo/ChinaNewsService]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountrystothegrowthofChinasenergyindustryPleaseusethreewordstodescribeChina,formandopening-uppolicy40yearsagoThe40yearsofreformandopening-uphavemadeChinamoremodern,moreinternationalizedandmoredeveloped,ssecond-largesteconomyanditsimageasoneoftheworldaandfortheChinesepeople,qualitydevelopment,fromatraditionallow-costlabormanufacturingcountrytoamoreinnovation-based,talent-oriented,sthebiggestchallengeChinafacestodayandhowcanthecountryovercomeitNowthatChinahasenteredaphaseofslowergrowth,oneofthemainchallengeswillbetomaintainitssuccessfultransitiontoaconsumer-oriented,,includingthe13thFive-YearPlan(2016-20),,thegovernmentsdevelopmentstrategytoincreaseregionaltradeandencouragebroaderglobaleconomiccooperation,iscreatingenormousbusinessopportunitiesthroughoutAsia,nologyinnovation,infrastructure,education,finance,senvironmentalanddevelopmentchallenges,Emersonisworkingwithindustryandgovernmentagenciestopromotetheefficientuseofenergy,includingimprovedenergyefficiencystandards,developingtechnologiesandsolutionstoboostcleanerenergyproduction,late1970s,Emersonwasoneofsixglobalcompaniesinvited,Emersonwastheonlycompanythatwaswillingtoenteralicensingdealtosupplytec,wearecommittedt,000employfter40yearsofreformandopening-up,Chineseenterpriseshaveundergonetransformationsintermsofsize,structure,ness,,wecompletedastrategicportfoliorealignmentprogram,whichenablesustofocusonourtwocorebusinesses-automationsolutions,andcommercialandresidentialsolutions-tobuildonourstrengthsandleadership,tinuousresearchanddevelopmentandinnovation,andasroleintheworldtodayOverthepast40years,Chinahastransformedfromanundevelopednationtoar,ChinasnatssustainedeconomicgrowthhastranslatedintoincreasingvisibilityontheworldstageandPrsdevelopmentoverthisperiodhasnotonlymadeitapowerfulengineofworldeconomicgrowth,butalsocontributedtotherecover,Chinaactivelypromotesthelinkingofdevelopmentstrategiesofallnationsacrosstheregionandbeyond,anditishelpingtoboostlocalemploymentande,itisalsoimportanttoenforceintellectualpropertyrightsande,intellectualpropertyrightsp,wearealsointerestedinChinasreformanddevelopmentactivitiesinkeyareassuchasconservationofenergy,reductionofcarbonemissions,improvementofairquality,sustainablefoodwastemanagement,sexperiencesandpracticesbeusedtosolveglobalproblemsThegovernments13thFive-YearPlanlaysdownthestrategyandpathwayforChina,urbanizationandsocialwelfare,environmentalprotectionandtalentdevelo,Chinahassetitsownambitiousdevelopmentgoals,governmentistakingconcertedactionstsnewgreenp,wefeelthatifanenterprisecanwininChina,,Chinaisoneofourmostimportantmarketsandmanyofourkeyproductsare,,,withitsnewterminal,,Ihavewitnessedthespeedofthenationstransformation,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinainthepast40yearsOneexamplethathasbeenextremelyimpressiveisChina,dams,,thelengthofChinashighwaysandhigh-speedrailmileagearerankedNo1intheworldandthenationalhigh-speedrailway,whichdidnotexist10yearsago,isnowmoreextensivethantheEuropeanUnionstransportationisindeedthespeedofChina!TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]China,asrevealedbythelatestinvestigationoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesorCASS,teofthesecondquarterofthisyearwillremainthesameasthefirstquarterof2018,accordingtotheinvestigationpublishedontheChinaEconomist,,,,,ecommoditypricelevelswillincreasecomparedwiththesris135,9percentagepointslowerthanlastquarter,,about70percentoftheeconomistsbelievethepressureofovercapacitywillberelievedbutitwillstillexistforalongtimeinthenextdecade,sovercapacityisthelackofinnovativeabilitiesamongmanufacturers,ndadvancedtechnologymeansproductioncompaniescannotmanufactureproductsthatmeetdiversifiedneeds,whichleadthegovernmentcityreductionoughttoincludesettingstandardsforcapacitywithdrawal,guidingcompaniesinupgradesandperfectingthelegalsystemforenterprisebankruptcy.

Anaerialviewoftheworld’sfirstphotovoltaicexpresswayduringconstructioninJinan,EastChina,Shandongprovince,sometrafficnoisesthreelayers:transparentconcreteontop,lasphalthighwayandcanalsogenerate1millionkilowatt-hoursofelectricityeachyear,,isshifttowardgreenervehiclesandmoreenvironmentallyfocusedintellectualproperty,,,000yuan($470)persquaremetertobuild—,thisprojectandotherdevelopmentshighlightChinaswideandever-increasingcapacity,andambition,,domesticc,inhiskeynotespeechattheBoaoForumforAsia,PresidentXiJinpingemphasizedthattherewouldbegreaterprotectionofIPR."tion,anditwouldprovidethebiggestboosttothecompetitivenessoftheChineseeconomy,",thefounderandCEOofmobilepaymentserviceQFPay,believesanincreaseinregulations,includingstrongerIPRprotection,"Besidesprotectingintellectualproperty,italsohelpsanyindustrytomaintainsafetyandqualitystandards,"Leesays."Thoughthelackofrestrictionsisgreatforinnovationstoinitiallyemerge,regulationsdohelptolighttheirpathgoingforward."AsXisaidinhisBoaospeech,itwillalsoserveto"increaseChinaseconomiccompetitiveness".Thisisgoodnewsfordomesticcompanies,,177RDresearcherspermillionofitspopulation—threetimesthenumberofresearch,321researcherspermillionofitspopulation,n,accordingtotheUnitedNationsEducational,,,thecountrycameinjustbehindtheUS,whichproduced600,sdrivetobecomeanadvancedmanufacturinghub,thenumberofinnovationsfromthecountryislikelytosoar."Whatwewanttograduallyreleasetotheworldareupgraded,middle-tohigh-endproducts,"",forexample,Igthroughtheirphonesthere,"saysQuekSiuRui,co-founderandCEOofSingapore-basede-commerceplatformCarousell."TherestoftheworldneedstocatchupwithChina,"ceinChina,memberbusinessesweredividedontheirviewsofChina,chairmanofthechamber,recentlyissuedastatementsayingthatitsmembership"wantsalevelplayingfieldandreciprocaltreatmenttoimprovemarketaccessinChina".Chineseauthoritieshavebeenhardatworktocombatthesourceofsuchworries."China,"Vice-PremierWangYangsaidduringaChina-USJointCommissiononCommerceandTradeinWashington,DC,,Chinahasinvestigatedandhandledmorethan1millioninfringementandcounterfeitingcriminalcasesandsentencedmorethan70,,ShanghaiandGuangdong.VisitorstakephotographsofaTeslaelectriccaratarecentautomobileexhibitionheldinBeijing.[PhotobyLongWei/ForChinaDaily]SANFRANCISCO-TeslaChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)ElonMusksaidTuesdaythathiscompanyisgoi,Musksaidthatthecompanyisconductingacomprehensive,across-the-boardorganizationalrestructuring."Teslahasgrownandevolvedrapidlyoverthepastseveralyears,whichhasresultedinsomeduplicationofrolesandsomejobfunctionsthat,whiletheymadesenseinthepast,aredifficulttojustifytoday,"hesaid."Aspartofthiseffortandtheneedtocutcostsandbecomeprofitable,wehavemadethedifficultdecisiontoletgoofapproximately9%ofourcolleaguesacrossthecompany,"cttheproductionworkersassemblingthecompanysvehicles."ThiswillnotaffectourabilitytoreachModel3productiontargetsinthecomingmonths,"helpitcommunicatebetter,t,andwouldfocusinsteadonsellingitssolarproductsthroughitsownstoresandwebsite,hesaid."ThemajorityofTeslaemployeesworkingatHomeDepotwillbeofferedtheopportunitytomoveovertoTeslaretaillocations,",500employeesattheendof2017,

  [Photo/VCG]ChinesesmartphonevendorVivoistestingthelimitsoftechnologywithitslatestmodelNex,whichfeaturesabezel-lessdesign,,releasedinShanghaionTuesdaynight,isVivoslatesteffortto,,theVivoNexdoesnothaveanotchontopofitsdisplay,afeaturefirstu,,seniorvicepresidentofVivo,saidthecompanyisrampingupitsresearchanddevelopmentcapabilities,withastringofartificialintelligencelabsandRDcentersbuiltinChinaandoverseas."Nexistheresultofourconsistenteffortstomakesmartphonesthatcanreallystandoutinthefiercemarket,",988yuan($780)inChina,Nexisequippedwithanextendiblefrontcamera,retractsautomaticall,Vivosaidthecamera,whichcomeswithan8-megapixelsensor,canberaisedandloweredmorethan50,,,thepremiumversionofNexistheQualcommSnapdragon845processor,,researchdirectoratmarketresearchcompanyCounterpoint,saidVivoisputtingresourcesintotechnologiesthatconsumerscaneasilyrelatetoandappreciate."Thepublicdonotnecessarilyunderstandhow3Dcamerascanempowertheirphones,sattitudetowardinnovationisverydown-to-earth,",,,,datafromCounterpointshow.VisitorstakephotographsofaTeslaelectriccaratarecentautomobileexhibitionheldinBeijing.[PhotobyLongWei/ForChinaDaily]SANFRANCISCO-TeslaChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)ElonMusksaidTuesdaythathiscompanyisgoi,Musksaidthatthecompanyisconductingacomprehensive,across-the-boardorganizationalrestructuring."Teslahasgrownandevolvedrapidlyoverthepastseveralyears,whichhasresultedinsomeduplicationofrolesandsomejobfunctionsthat,whiletheymadesenseinthepast,aredifficulttojustifytoday,"hesaid."Aspartofthiseffortandtheneedtocutcostsandbecomeprofitable,wehavemadethedifficultdecisiontoletgoofapproximately9%ofourcolleaguesacrossthecompany,"cttheproductionworkersassemblingthecompanysvehicles."ThiswillnotaffectourabilitytoreachModel3productiontargetsinthecomingmonths,"helpitcommunicatebetter,t,andwouldfocusinsteadonsellingitssolarproductsthroughitsownstoresandwebsite,hesaid."ThemajorityofTeslaemployeesworkingatHomeDepotwillbeofferedtheopportunitytomoveovertoTeslaretaillocations,",500employeesattheendof2017,

  Phototakenin1958shows5-year-oldXiJinping(L),hisyoungerbrotherandtheirfatherXiZhongxun.[Photo/]FatherinculcatedfrugalhabitsXiZhongxun,fatherofXiJinping,servedaschairmanoftheShaanxi-GansuBorderRegion,aCPCrevolutionarybaseofthe1930s,andwascalledbyChairmanMaoZedonga"leaderofthepeople."XiZhongxunlaterledGuangdonginitsimplementationofreformandopening-uppoliciesandintheconstructionofspecialeconomiczonesintheprovince."Dadleadsafrugallife,n,"Xisaidinalettertohisfatherin2001,whenhewasthegovernorofFujianprovinceandwasunabletoattendhisfathers88thbirthdaycelebrationduetoworkcommitments.JDsunmannedsmall-sizeddriverlessvehicleispicturedonJune18,2017.[]Chinesee-commercegiantJDwillinvest2billionyuan($312million)overthenextthreeyearstoestablishtheheadquartersofitsunmanneddeliveryvehiclesinChangsha,,testing,personneltrainingrelatedtoautonomousdeliveryvehiclesandtheconstructionofintelligentmanufacturingindustrialbases,whichincludesintelligentrobotsandequipment,,000universitygraduatesa,andplanstotesttheserobotsinHunanUniversitytosolvethelast-miledeliveryproblem,,vice-presidentofJD,saidtheywillrampupeffortstoinvestinanunmannedvehicleunitinChangshabycombiningthecitysadvantagesinchip,icsoperationsbyusingdrones,roboticsanddriverlessvehiclesforparceldelivery,an,capitalofNorthwestChinasShaanxiprovince,duringitsJune18shoppingfestivallastyear,andcarriedoutsmartrobotdeliveriesatseveraluniversities,suchasRenminUniversityofChina,,thee-commercegiantsaidithasdevelopedtwomodelsofautomaticlightelectricvanswithSAICMaxusandDongfengrespectively,forthedeliveryofgoodsfromJDsdistributioncenterstodeliverystations.

Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,

  RockhousesatBeigangvillageinPingtan,Fujianprovince,havebecomeatouristattractionandattractedmanypeoplefromTaiwanfortourismdevelopment.[Photo/VCG]LinChi-yuanunderstandsmorethanmostthat"rockingout"ofPingtan-alsoknownasHaitan-offFujianprovinceproduceuniquelydifferentsoundswhenstruckwithhammers."SomycolleaguesandIbegancollectingrocksofvariousshapesandsizesfromthemountainsofPingtan,"Linsaidatthe10thStraitsForumintheportcityofXiamen,,whichisalsoafreetradezoneabout126kilometersfromTaiwan.

  AnewXiaomiVRheadsetisdisplayedduringaproductlaunchinShenzhen,Guangdongprovince,inMay.[Photo/Agencies]Despitepostingamorethan$1billionlossinthefirstquarterof2018,XiaomiCorpsaiditplanstoaccelerateglobalexpansionbyusing40percentofthecapitalthatitwillrais,revealedinXiaomisfirstprospectusforthesaleofCDRsinShanghaionMonday,cameastheeight-year-oldcompanyisputtingfinishingtouchestoitsmega-sizedHongKonginitialpublicoffering,whichwillbetheworld($),,XiaomiisthefirstChinesecompanytoapplyforCDRs,aformofequitythatallosbroaderpushtolurebackcompeti"consolidatepositionsinSoutheastAsianandEuropeanmarketsin2018,",,itsawan88percentyear-on-yeargrowthinglobalshipmentsto28millionunits,withtheuptrendrisingtomorethan999percentinEurope,,Xiaomiiscomingbacktostronggrowthinlargepa,directorofboutiqueinvestmentbankChansonCo,saidcomparedwithcompaniessuchasBaiduInc,whichhasgonepublicintheUnitedStatesstockmarket,itislesstime-consumingforXiaomitogothroughalltheproceduresneededforCDRapplications."Butattentionmustbepaidtothehighprice-earningsratioofXiaomi,giventhemarketrumorofitsplantoseeka$100billionvaluationinIPO,",inwhatcouldbecometheworldsb$10billionintheIPO.AvisitorisattractedtotheBYDQinEV300atanelectricautoshowinBeijing.[PhotobyHaoYan/ChinaDaily]BEIJING-Salesandproductionofnewenergyvehicles(NEV)maintainedfastgrowthinChinaamidgovernmenteffortstoencouragetheiruseandeasepressureontheenvironment,datafromtheChinaAssociationofAutomobileManufacturers(CAAM),000unitslastmonth,,000units,,ChinahasintensifiedeffortstoencouragetheuseofNEVstoeasepressureontslargestNEVmarketforthreeconsecutiveyears,withsome777,,,,

  LuohudistrictinShenzhen,whichusedtobeapoorvillage,isnowaflourishingresidentialareawithmodernapartmentbuildings.[PhotobyLuoHaiming/ForChinaDaily]Chinasdeterminationtofurtherreformandopenupitseconomywillbringimportantopportuni,theworldeconomyhascontinuedtoshowgoodmomentum,andspecif,andtheglobaleconomyhnuestotighten,,itisimperativefortheworldeconomytostimulatenewimpetusfromboththedemandandsupplyside,andtoachievesmootheransopen-uppolicywillhav,thecountrycouldprovideeffectivedemandfortheexportof,thescaleofChinasimportsofgoodsandserviceswillreach$,asChinamovestowardahigh-incomecountry,andseesresidentconsumptiontransformationandupgrading,theimportstructurewillincreasinglyfocusonadvancedandapplicabletechnologies,cleanenergy,high-qualityconsumergoodsandmodernservices,whichwillgreatlybenefitdevelopedeconomies,the"goingglobal"t,globalforeigndirectinvestmentdroppedby16percent,,foreigninvestmentsbyChinesecompaniesareexpectedtoreach$750billion,whichwillprovidemoreinvestmentpowerforthehostcountry,Chinawillcooperat,Chinasopening-upandinnoonomiesandmultinationalcorporations,effectivelystrengtheningtheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrights,furtherimprovingthebusinessenvironment,hasbigdata,cloudcomputing,ionsandindustrialchangestoachievebreakthroughs,,Chinasopening-upisanimp,,artificiallyblockingtradeandinvestmentdoesnotmeetthecommoninterestsofallcountriesinthewornmeasures,whichaggravatedtherisksofeconomicandtradeconflicts,increasedtheinternationalcommunitysdoubtsabouttheprospectsforfreetrade,sleadershiphasannouncedaseriesofmeasurestoexpandopening-upandhasmovedaheadtolowertheimporttariffsonvehiclesandautoparts,anti-cancerdrugs,anddailyconsumptiongoods,andtoeliminatespecificmeasuressuchasrestrictionsontheproportisinitiativesinopeningupthemarkethavegreatlyreducedoreveneliminatedthedoubtsoftheinternationalcommunityregardingtheprospectsofeconomicglobalization,,promotingtheestablishmentofpsannouncementitwilldevelopHainanislandintoapilotfreetradezone,andtograduallyexplo,whichwillprovideChinassoluti,NationalDevelopmentandReformCommission.

  ArobotplaysamusicalinstrumentatanationalrobotschampionshipcontestheldattheHarbinInstituteofTechnologyinJuly2014.[Photo/IC]WUHAN-Morethan5,000contestantsfromaroundtheworldwillassembleatthe2018WorldRobotContestFinalsnextmonthinWuhan,capitalofcentralChinasHubeiprovince,evelopmentzoneofWuhan,scontestsincludeabrain-computerinterface(BCI)controlledcontest,aCoexisting-Cooperative-Cognitive(Tri-Co)contest,anindustrialskillscontest,,secretary-generalofthecontest,thisyearscompetitionwillhavesever,thecontestsareanintegralpartoftheWorldRobotConference,sconferencewillbeheldinAugustinBeijing.BoeingemployeesarepicturedasBoeingcelebratesthe10,000th737tocomeofftheproductionlineinRenton,Washington,US,March13,2018.[Photo/Agencies]TEHRAN-IranwillsuetheUSplane-makerBoeingatinternationaltribunalsforthelatterscancellationofanIranianorderfor80aircraft,aseniorlawmakersaidFriday."TheIslamicRepublicwillseriouslysuethecancellationoftheBoeingagreementthroughinternational,legalandjudicialtribunals,"seniorIranianlawmakerTaqiKabiriwasquotedbyPressTVassaying."Fromtheverybeginning,weshouldhavegotastrongguaranteefromtheaircraftmanufacturersothattheywouldnotbeabletoeasilyviolatetheircontracts,","suchactionswillhavenoeffectonourdeterminationandthey(theUS)cannotharmusinthisway,",BoeingannouncedthatitwouldnotfulfillaDecember2016contracttosell80aircrafttoIransnationalflagcarrierIranAir."WehavenotdeliveredanyaircrafttoIran,andgivenwenolongerhavealicensetoselltoIranatthistime,wewillnotbedeliveringanyaircraft,"gerjetstoIranwouldberevokedafterWashingtonannounceditswithdrawalfromthe2015Iraniannucleardeal.

  ApotentialhomebuyerchecksoutapropertyprojectinHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince,Dec17,2016.[PhotobyLongWei/Asianewsphoto]Tightpolicieswillcontinueintherealest,developerscouldfacefinancingdifficulties,,theremightbeanotherroundofmergersandacquisitionsinthecomingyear,forcingso,,untilrealeconomyweaknesseshavebeenfundamentallychanged,therealestatesectoseconomyenteredthenewnormal,thegovernmentfocusedoncuttingovercapacity,reducingexcessinventory,deleveraging,,therewas,themarketcontinuedtogrowsignificantlyfrom2015,,,,Nanjing,Xiamen,,2016,year-on-yearket,realestatehadbecametomanyacrucialinvestmentsector,,sBankofChina,orthecountryscentralbank,($).,thegovernmentstartedtodefla,variouspolicieswererolledoutinabidtolimitpropertypurchases,,newguidelineswereusedinlandauctionprocedurestoc,residentialhousingtransactio,thepriceofsecondhandhousing,whichaccountedfor75percentofthecityssales,,again,,CushmanWakefield

  XieZhenhua(center),China’sspecialrepresentativeonclimatechangeaffairs,andToddStern(left),chiefclimatenegotiatorfortheObamaadministration,speakataglobalclimatechangeforumchairedbyQiYe(right),directoroftheBrookings-TsinghuaCenter,inBeijingonMay23.[PhotoprovidedbyTsinghuaUniversity]ItwasaftermonthsofnegotiationsfouryearsagoonhowthetwomajoreconomicpowerscouldcurbglobalcarbonemissionsthatXieandSternfinallyagreedthatChinawouldcommittopeakingitscarbonemissionsandincreasingnon-fossilenergyto20percentofitsenergymix"around",ChinesePresidentXiJinpingandhisthenUScounterpateforacountryschangeinitsenergy-consumptionmodel,"by"or"around",XiewastryingtobuytimeforChina,becausehewasnotconfidentthecount,itappearsthatXieunderestimatedChina’scapabilityt,nearlyfouryearsafterthebargainingfor“around"or"by”,XieboldlystatedinfrontofhisoldsparringpartneritwasprobablethatChinawouldpeakcarbonemissionsby2030.“e,”saidXie.“Inowthinkitispossiblethatwepeakby2030.“W"Thatindicateluteamountofemissionreductions,”Xiesaid.

  VisitorstakephotographsofaTeslaelectriccaratarecentautomobileexhibitionheldinBeijing.[PhotobyLongWei/ForChinaDaily]SANFRANCISCO-TeslaChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)ElonMusksaidTuesdaythathiscompanyisgoi,Musksaidthatthecompanyisconductingacomprehensive,across-the-boardorganizationalrestructuring."Teslahasgrownandevolvedrapidlyoverthepastseveralyears,whichhasresultedinsomeduplicationofrolesandsomejobfunctionsthat,whiletheymadesenseinthepast,aredifficulttojustifytoday,"hesaid."Aspartofthiseffortandtheneedtocutcostsandbecomeprofitable,wehavemadethedifficultdecisiontoletgoofapproximately9%ofourcolleaguesacrossthecompany,"cttheproductionworkersassemblingthecompanysvehicles."ThiswillnotaffectourabilitytoreachModel3productiontargetsinthecomingmonths,"helpitcommunicatebetter,t,andwouldfocusinsteadonsellingitssolarproductsthroughitsownstoresandwebsite,hesaid."ThemajorityofTeslaemployeesworkingatHomeDepotwillbeofferedtheopportunitytomoveovertoTeslaretaillocations,",500employeesattheendof2017,ArtificialintelligencesoftwareisdemonstratedataMicrosoftboothduringtheChinaNationalComputerCongress2017inFuzhou,EastChinasFujianprovince.[PhotobyZhengShuai/ForChinaDaily]SANFRANCISCO-USsoftwaregiantMicrosoftannouncedSundaytheacquisitionoffivegamestudiostobols"fivenewcreativeteams"totheMicrosoftStudiosfamily,"newinvestmentsincludetheformationofabrand-newstudio,TheInitiative,theacquisitionofPlaygroundGames,andlettersofintenttoacquireNinjaTheory,UndeadLabsandCompulsionGames,",whichisthedeveloperbehindtheForzaracingseries,hasbeenalong-timeXboxpartnersince2010andisworkingonthisyears"ForzaHorizon4,"saidMicrosoft."PlaygroundGameswillhaveateamdedicatedtobringingtheiropen-worldexpertisetoanentirelynewproject,"itsaid."Therehasneverbeenamoreexcitingtimetobepartofthegamingindustry,withcreatorslargeandsmallshowcasingincrediblenewgamesforthemorethantwobillionplayersaroundtheworld,"PhilSpencer,headofGamingatMicrosoft,saidSundayatanXboxbriefingattheElectronicEntertainmentExpo2018(E32018),butmanylargegamepubli,fromexclusiveslike"ForzaHorizon4,""HaloInfinite"and"Gears5,"andindependenttitleslike"Session,""Below,""Ashen"and"Tunic."SpencersaidthecompanysE3lineupisits"mostdiversegamingportfolioineverymeasure."MicrosoftsaiditwilllaunchsomeofthebiggestblockbustergamesnextyearandtakefulladvantageofthepowerofXboxOne,suchas"Fallout76,""KingdomHearts3,""DevilMayCry5,""BattlefieldV,""MetroExodus"and"ShadowoftheTombRaider."TheotherthreegamestudiostobeboughtbyMicrosoftareNinjaTheoryofCambridge,Britain,whichdeveloped"Hellblade,"UndeadLabsbasedinSeattleoftheUSWashingtonstate,whichcreatedthepopular"StateofDecay"title,andCompulsionGamesofMontreal,Canada,whichisworkingonitsnewtitle"WeHappyFew",,Microsoftwillhave11gamedevelopmentstudios.

  

  弋舟新作《丙申故事集》:我是个过着二手生活的作家

 
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“人命关天”之被拖着前行的交通检测行业

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20 曹智 ? 2019-09-17 18:34:03  来源:前瞻产业研究院 E660G0
ApersoninjuredinanaturalgaspipelineexplosionreceivesmedicaltreatmentatahospitalinQinglongcounty,SouthwestChinasGuizhouprovince,June11,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]GUIYANG--Twenty-fourpeoplewereseriouslyinjuredinanaturalgaspipelineexplosioninSouthwestChinasGuizhouprovinceSundaynight,itownofQinglongcountyandthencausedanexplosionandfireatabout11:,asputoutat2:,eightwereincriticalconditionand16inseriouscondition,

一、“生死有命”还是“人命关天”?细数我国历年交通工程事故

2019-09-17的井冈山景区木板桥塌陷事故尽管没有如众多花边新闻一样登上新闻热搜,甚至没多少人注意到还有这样一件事,但是说起公路塌陷、桥梁垮塌等时间,近些年来确是此起彼伏,愈演愈烈。经济损失、无辜路人手上、死亡。好像对于我们来说,这是一件根本无法解决的事情?

细数这些年来我国的重大桥梁垮塌事故:

图表近年来我国重大桥梁/公路垮塌事故

1

资料来源:前瞻产业研究院整理

毋庸置疑,桥梁道路等的垮塌会让人们第一时间想到的就是建筑行业的腐败乱现,偷工减料、中饱私囊等各种各样的问题。在抛开这种明面上的问题,对问题进行剥丝抽茧之后我们发展同样还暴露出的另一个问题,我国交通工程检测行业发展的无力,行业发展的“疲惫性”在很大程度上要为各种各样的交通工程事故负一定的责任。

二、被拖拉着前行的交通工程检测行业

一方面来看,交通工程检测行业发展的最大特点就是跟我国交通工程行业的巨大不匹配性

我国交通工程检测行业的发展历史较短,交通工程检测行业从诞生开始面临的局面就是我国公共基础实施建设的高峰期,就像一个很年少就走向了高位的意气风发少年一样,迎面而来的巨大市场潜力并没有直接带动行业的技术、标准规范、法律法规等多方面完善,相反的是这些问题开始慢慢积累起来,造成了现在的尾大不掉的局面。

从另一方面来看,先天不足带来的缺陷让行业发展缺口逐渐加大

我国的交通工程建设行业长期以来处于一个较大体量状态,且受宏观经济调控,国家经济发展要求等诸多因素影响,行业的发展增速处于一个相对较好的状态。尽管我国交通工程市场的增速很长时间内处于10%以上的增速,但是根本无法完全覆盖我国历史遗留下来的巨大建设体量。

图表2013-2016年我国交通工程试验检测市场增速(单位:%

0

资料来源:前瞻产业研究院整理

根据前瞻产业研究院《2017-2022年中国交通工程质量检测行业市场前景与竞争战略分析报告》中披露数据来看:2016年全国公路新增里程11.90万公里,新改建公路里程32.49万公里,综合来看涉及工程检测行业的公路新增、改建里程数为44.39万公里。水运方面,内航河道整体变动幅度不大,港口数量整体有所减少。通过将2015年交通工程发展情况与2016年交通工程发展情况进行对于可以得出2016年的交通工程质量检测行业规模在131亿元以上。乐观来看,将这一市场规模全都算在公路工程建设上面,每一万公里的检测市场规模仅有2亿元,这2亿元要包括从材料检测、工程规划检测、工程建设检测、工程维护检测各个方面,可以说是完全不够用。

在这种大背景下,我国工程检测行业的发展主要表现为对旧有问题的解决改善方向、行业发展方向、先行优势的建立等三大方面的七大主要趋势,力争改掉拖后腿的尾巴、抓住当下的发展、突破技术限制创造发展方向,争取可以在短时间内做到形成独立行业,并良性发展。

三、行业发展的七大趋势

1、行业市场规模越来越大

行业规模的长期扩大是毋庸置疑的。从新建公路以及水运发展来看:我国的城市内交通规划已经逐渐提升到一定的高度,地铁建设、高速建设、轻轨建设等都很大程度上推动了公路建设的步伐。另一方面,我国城市化进程越来越快,在城乡差距开始缩小的情况下,相应的交通行业的流通程度会逐渐上升,这就对公路的新建提出了更高的要求。海运方向,海洋的发展已经被我国提到了战略性国策的地步,水运方向的市场建设存在非常大的潜力。

从市场的长期发展来看,行业会进入更加标准化,并且这一标准会越来越高,而且检测行业将会不仅仅是建立在公路、水运等的新建方面,对日常维护检测等方面的要求会与日俱增,在长期的市场规模中,还蕴藏着很大潜力,所以中长期时间内,行业的市场规模增速也不会陷入增长乏力的情况。

2、行业内企业集中度不断上升

一定程度上来说,行业对技术的要求较高,虽然不算完全意义上的技术主导型行业,但是技术发展情况可以决定企业在行业内的地位以及市场份额,随着我国技术发展的逐渐加剧,龙头企业的竞争优势开始逐渐显现,通过技术的先行优势对市场进行蚕食,从而不断扩大企业的市场份额,从长期的发展角度来看,未来市场的主要技术会集中在3-5家公司手中,并且形成很大程度的产品差异化。

3、技术将会越来越占据主导地位

检测机构行业通过评级进行区分,甲级资质企业数量很少,大部分企业集中在乙级资质上面,资质的获得与技术的发展有非常大的关联,通过技术发展累计起来的核心竞争力配合相应的客户需求服务可以非常快速的拉升企业的市场份额,市场份额不断上升的情况下,企业的规模经济效应就会更加集中,进一步促进技术的发展,从经营来看,规模效应下,企业的人才集中、成本降低、市场影响力上升、产品差异化程度上升,从而带来的企业效益也会紧随上升,这一良性循环会在循序渐进中不断提高行业的市场集中度。所以技术的发展对于行业的发展具有“定鼎”的作用。

4、机制问题长期存在,缓慢突破

我国的交通质量检测行业发展完全跟不上被检测行业的发展是大家公认的,交通检测行业受各种原因限制,导致的行业专业人才缺失、管理体系不健全、信息管理渠道封闭、技术发展落后等重重问题都严重影响着行业的良性化发展。管理体系不健全、信息管理渠道封闭、技术交互几乎为零等问题都需要进行大范围的改革才能做到“根治”,对于人才缺失、技术落后等问题更是需要更长的时间去改变,甚至可能需要两三代人才能彻底改变这一局面,所以关于交通检测行业的机制等问题改变发展是一个长期的稳定的过程。

5、国家重视程度逐渐上升

不仅我国,包括在世界范围内,每年由于公路、桥梁等问题而发生事故的事件此起彼伏,很大程度上暴露了工程不合格的问题,而工程质量检测就是对原材料、半成品、成品进行质量检测,其工程的每一道工序质量都将通过检测数据来进行评定,所以其试验数据的准确性将影响着整个工程质量的评定结果,它反映着整个工程的质量。同时,工程质量检测不仅可以提高工程质量,还可以很大效率的提高工程效率。近年来,受一定国家政策影响,我国的交通工程质量检测市场规模增长保持较好的态势。

国家“十三五”规划中,提到要在重大创新领域组建一批国家实验室,国家对技术、科研、创新的发展已经提上了一个新的高度。另一方面,十三五规划中还提到要对检测行业治理、管理等进行制度变革,以更加适应社会和经济的发展。这些政策都会极大的加快交通工程质量检测行业的发展。

国家质检总局、国家认监委等32家部委联合制定并发布了《认证认可检验检测发展“十三五”规划》,《规划》首次将认证认可检验检测作为整体来通盘谋划,顺应了认证认可检验检测融合发展趋势,也符合国内外关于合格评定的通行定义,有利于提高规划的整体效能,引导检验检测认证服务业做强做大做优。

6、设备研发落后、实验室设备落后、人才短缺等问题需要更长的期限改变

我国目前公路检测行业存在设备研发落后、实验设备落后等两大方面的问题。这两大问题整体上都对技术要求很高,短期内会有所改善,但是需要长期实践才能彻底决绝。

我国公路工程中常规的试验检测设备的原理、构造、制作工艺和水平都远远落后于公路事业的发展,就我国道路道路工程现状而言,旧的设备得不到更新。例如有些生产基层的公司,不愿意投入人力财力提高生产水平,导致水泥剂量无法控制在误差范围内,这会导致道路的根基不稳,强度得不到保证,在一些公司里检测人员的专业技术不高,一些先进的设备不会使用,所以旧的设备得不到更新。

长期范围内,我国的人才培养机制逐渐完善,在国家重视的前提下,人才、技术的发展都会开始加速;通过更加开放的引进国外技术而创新发明技术,从根底上改变这种局面。

7、维护性检测重要性不断上升

维护性监测对于我国的交通工程检测来说还处于雏形阶段,以公路为例,在先期建设没有明显问题的情况下,随着时间的推移,公路的各项指标有没有发生层次性变动,包括承重度、稳定度以及使用年限有没有“减值”,偶然爆发的自然灾害有没有对原本公路的内部结构产生影响,影响多大,是都需要维护,危险程度是多少?这些问题在未来行业的发展中将占比比初期建设还要高的维护费用,长期范围内,交通工程检测行业的机构变动将很大程度的趋向于为维护性监测。

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